How to Prune a Kiwi Plant

If you have come looking for information on how prune kiwimust be recently you were interested and/or acquired one for your personal farm. Therefore, you must know that the kiwi pruning It is a very important procedure for it to bear good fruit.

Pruning, in case you have come by and do not know very well what it means, is the process of cutting or suppressing shoots and branches with the main objective of eliminating the driest parts, that is, those that will no longer be useful to us. give fruit, and in the same way stimulate the growth of the fruit.

The kiwi plant appreciates pruning very well, such as the Eugenia Myrtifolia (, which for those who know gardening, will already know where the shots go when it comes to caring for our kiwi plant.

  1. First steps to prune Kiwi
    1. kiwi buds
    2. clean the trunk
    3. Kiwi Pruning in Galicia

First steps to prune Kiwi

To start with it, it is essential to know, and to take into account, that the kiwi pruning will vary if we encounter what is known as a "male specimen" or one "female specimen"and also that there are different stages in pruning.

Firstly, we will find ourselves in the stage of formation pruningone that is usually among the two, three or even four first years. This pruning must be done in winterand serves to prevent the kiwi to contract fungi, diseases, or that any other type of problem arises.

It is done while the plant is inactivates a vegetativeand also thanks to this pruning we will get it to continue the way we want. In the first year, the stem will be cut or trimmed once it has reached maturity. centimeter thickto promote the vigor of the new stem.

During the second yearour only job will be to cut or clean the new shoots that appear so that the plant reaches a height according to the structure that we had chosen; once the height is close to the structure, they will be left two main branches of which will diverge into more branches.

From there, we will let the kiwi continues to grow freelyalthough removing the shoots that are emerging from the cane or main stem. turn, there you go taking care of the branches that come out of the pipes or upper stems, giving them the shape we want, cutting the parts that are necessary and fit our structure, without the branches getting entangled, so they don't drown.

kiwi buds

Once it has grown enough, we will look for them to have each other. 15 to 20 yolksand will be cut just after, preferably, a thick and strong yolk. This is because the kiwi does not grow on last year's wood, but on the buds coming out on that same wood. That is the reason for leaving the bud alive.

However, those that have not been sufficiently developed should be cut or trim so that they become invigorated, and thus become more robust. Similarly, you have to correctly guide the kiwi during its first years and while these cuts are made, since once the kiwi branches become stronger, it will be very difficult to move these branches or pipes and when trying to move or redirect them we could even break them.

Here the problem arises, this would be the initial procedure if we find a kiwi whose flower is female, but the procedure changes if the flower is male.

clean the trunk

In this case, similarly, we will be cleaning the trunk or main caneas with the female. But in this case it will be possible for us to leave more than two main branches. The most important thing would be to look for the tree to take on the shape of a cup, for this it would be necessary to cut just after a bud that looks upwards, which will be the one that gives us that cup shape that we are looking for.

In other words, it would be necessary to look at each of the buds in which direction the new shoot that would come out would go. Something that can be useful to us is to make sure that during pruning we try to place the male above the female, so that if we have more than one female tree, we can pollinate more with a single male. In the same way, whenever shoots grow that interest us due to their height, when they are flexible, it is advisable to guide them towards the females, but always taking care that these new branches do not take away light from the females.

After this training pruning during the first years of the tree's life, we move on to fruiting or maintenance. For this pruning it is important to remember that the kiwi is a tree that bears fruit on the branches grown on the branches of the previous year; Knowing this, we will look for the branches that have already given fruit to prune them, since they will no longer give more; and those that have not borne fruit we will leave them, since, instead of growing fruit, branches or canes will grow which will bear fruit the following year.

Intuitively we already know more or less which branches to cut, but we have to look at the branches that have canes that have borne fruit, since some of those canes may not have borne fruit yet, and there the shoots can be renewed with new canes and come out fruit. In turn, those that all their canes have given fruit, it is preferable to cut them. It is also essential to look for the vigor of the plant, if a branch has not borne fruit, but is still very weak, it is preferable to cut it to make it stronger. This would be the winter pruning of female plants.

In the case of the male ones, it will be pruned looking for a greater number of flowers that pollinate, thus eliminating the canes and weak branches, looking for them to become stronger, and in the same way those that give shade to the female ones.

Apart from these winter prunings, we find summer prunings for both types, known as thinning prunings, which in the case of female trees seek to remove branches that are not going to produce anything in order to fight against what we explained before, which is that the plant suffocates or that it does not get enough light from its own branches, and in the case of male trees, better pollination and the cutting of branches that give shade to the female or are weak.

Kiwi Pruning in Galicia

The Galician region is where the first Kiwi pruning of the entire peninsula is carried out. is done during the first 3 or 4 years of age of the kiwi, in the winter season. Thus, the plant is dormant. This pruning is the same for male and female specimens.

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